Kalyani – A view from the southeast side
Situated on the northeast corner of the Belur Chennakeshava Temple complex, this rectangular-shaped pond is a Kalyani, a temple tank. Note that the temple tank, a common feature in Hindu temples, is also known by many other names, including Pushkarini and Kunda. The official name of this temple tank is Gajagonda (Elephant Pond).
According to an inscription, Hoysala King Ballala II commissioned this temple tank in 1175 CE and was named Vasudeva Sarovara. Vasudeva is synonymous with Vishnu because Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu, is known by this name (also his father’s name). Note: The term Sarovara means lake in Kannada.
As you can see, the tank is within a walled enclosure. Inside the temple courtyard, two specially built walls enclose it on the west and south sides, and the temple prakara (i.e., a protective wall around the temple) surrounds it on the east and north sides.
The image shows a view from the southeast side of the tank. As you can see, there is a pavilion in the middle of the wall on the west side. The entrance to the tank is through a door in this pavilion. There are two statues of two elephants at the doorway and two mini shrines at the corners built on the terrace above the stairs. Access to the pond is through steps, which become narrower as you go down.
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– Belur – Chennakeshava Temple – Navaranga
– Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Garbhagriha Outer Wall
– Kappe Chennigaraya Temple
– Somanathapura Keshava Temple – A Masterpiece of Hoysala Temple Art
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