Athens: Temple of Hephaestus

Temple of Hephaestus in Athens, Greece

Temple of Hephaestus

Temple of Hephaestus
The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the well-preserved buildings in Athens, Greece. It has two facades, one facing east and the other facing west. The image shows the east facade facing the Ancient Agora.

This Doric style marble building consists of a pronaos (portico), cella (inner chamber) and opisthodomos (rear room). There are six columns on the facades (i.e., east and west) and thirteen columns on the sides (i.e., north and south). The temple also has inner colonnades. See an interior view of this building that shows these colonnades.

Hephaestus is the Greek god of fire and metal works and was worshiped by craftsmen and artisans in ancient Greece, especially in Athens. In ancient times, similar gods were worshiped in other cultures. For example, Rigveda mentions Viswakarma as the god of architecture and crafts. His deity is worshiped by artists and craftsmen in the Indian subcontinent.

Related Pages
Athens, Olympia, Delphi, Meteora, Crete, Greek Islands, Greece
Minoan Civilization, Mycenaean Civilization

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