A view of the surroundings from the Mycenae citadel
Mycenae was discovered in 1870s by the German businessman and amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann who was already famous for discovering the city of Troy. The site is on a hill and the ruins are visible as you go towards the ruins.
The Mycenaean is a mysterious late bronze-age civilization that rose from nowhere around 1900 BCE, flourished mostly in the Peloponnese peninsula, and then disappeared suddenly around 1100 BCE. Whatever little we know about them is fascinating.
The Mycenaean were a loose confederation of city-states, each of which was ruled by a king. The center of the Mycenaean civilization was the city-state of Mycenae. According to a myth, Perseus, a son of Zeus and Danae, founded Mycenae. Mycenae was also the capital of legendary King Agamemnon, who defeated Troy. Homer refers to the Mycenaean people as Achaeans.
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