Jālandhara with square-shaped perforations
The image shows one of the jālandharas (perforated stone window) installed on the wall surrounding the sabhamantapa and garbhagriha of the Durga Temple at Aihole in Karnataka, India. Carved into the stone window is a pattern of square perforations laid in a grid-like fashion. The other jālandharas have different patterns, some of which are sacred symbols of Hinduism. The perforations in the jālandharas provide ventilation and light into the interior of the temple.
The jālandhara shown in the image is on the northeast side of the pradakshina patha (clockwise circumambulation path).
Here is the list of the jālandharas installed in the clockwise direction:
1. Southeast – Jālandhara carved with the swastika and lotus flower patterns
2. South – Jālandhara with rhombus perforations
3. Southwest – Jālandhara carved with a Dharmachakra (8 spokes)
4. Northwest – Jālandhara carved with a Dharmachakra (12 spokes)
5. Northeast – Jālandhara with square perforations – Current image
– Durga Temple at Aihole
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– Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Navaranga
– Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Garbhagriha Outer Wall
– Somanathapura Keshava Temple – A Masterpiece of Hoysala Temple Art
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