Buddha with the Vitāraka Mudra Gesture
The image shows a bas-relief of Dhyāni Buddha (Meditating Buddha) with the Vitāraka Mudra gesture. In Sanskrit, the term mudra refers to a hand gesture and vitāraka means teaching.
In this gesture, the right-hand palm faces outwards, and the tips of the thumb and index finger touch to make a circle while the other three fingers point upwards. This mudra represents teaching and debate. This Buddha with this pose is called Vairochana. The statues situated in the center of the monument have this mudra.
In Buddhism, there are five different mudras, which are: Bhumisparsha Mudra, Dhyana Mudra, Abhaya Mudra, Vara Mudra, and Vitāraka Mudra. All the Buddha statues facing a particular cardinal direction in Borobudur have the same mudras.
Here are the statues with the other type of mudras:
– Bhumisparsha Mudra
– Dhyāna Mudra
– Abhaya Mudra
– Vara Mudra
– Borobudur, Prambanan, Prambanan Bas-Reliefs, Bali, Indonesia
– Angkor Wat, Angkor Wat Bas-Reliefs, Banteay Srei, Cambodia
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