A Dhyani Buddha statue with the Bhumisparsha Mudra gesture
The image shows a statue of Dhyani Buddha (Meditating Buddha) with the Bhumisparsha Mudra gesture. In Sanskrit, mudra literally means seal but refers to the hand gesture and bhumisparsha means touching the earth.
In this gesture, the right hand is placed on the knee with the palm facing down, and the palm is bent in such a way that the fingers point to the earth. The left hand is placed on the lap with the palm facing up.
The Bhumisparshamudra gesture is interpreted as Buddha calling the earth as witness, and Buddha with this mudra is known as Asokabhya. The Buddha statues facing the east direction have this mudra.
There are 432 Dhyani Buddha statues on the Rupadhatu layer of the Borobudur Temple. Although these statues look alike, they have different hand gestures. In Buddhism, there are five different mudras, which are: Bhumisparsha Mudra, Dhyana Mudra, Abhaya Mudra, Vara Mudra, and Vitaraka Mudra. The Buddha statues facing a particular cardinal direction have the same mudras.
Here are the statues with the other type of mudras:
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