Hampi Virupaksha Temple Murals: Girija Kalyana – Wedding of Shiva and Parvati

Girija Kalyana - Wedding of Shiva and Parvati painted on the ceiling of the Virupaksha Temple in Hampi, Karnataka, India

Girija Kalyana – Wedding of Shiva and Parvati painted on the ceiling of the Virupaksha Temple

Girija Kalyana
The image shows a part of the murals painted on the ceiling of the Ranga Mantapa of the Virupaksha Temple located in Hampi, Karnataka, India. Check the Hampi Virupaksha Temple Murals for a detailed explanation of the paintings.

The panel depicts the scenes at the wedding of Shiva and Parvati based on Girija Kalyana, an epic poem authored by Harihara, an ancient Kannada poet known for his devotion to Shiva.

Attending the wedding are the pantheon of Hindu gods, including Brahma and Shiva (the other two gods from the Hindu Trinity), Ashta Dikpalas (guardians of eight directions), rishis (sages), devas (demigods), celestial beings such as gandharvas and yakshas, and mythical creatures like kinnaras and kimpurushas. Note: A kinnara is a half-human and half-bird and a kimpurusha is a half-human and half-horse or half-lion

The top panel has kinnaras at extreme ends and palaces with onlookers in the middle. At the center of the second panel is Shiva trying to hold Parvati’s hands. Standing behind Shiva is Brahma, shown with four heads, and behind Brahma is Vishnu, shown with four hands. The female figure behind Vishnu is most likely Saraswathi because she is carrying a veena. It is not clear why she is standing behind Vishnu. According to some Puranas, Saraswathi is Shiva’s sister.

Behind Vishnu and Lakshmi is Narada, the matchmaker of the Shiva-Parvati alliance, and the horse-faced figure standing next to Narada is Tumburu, a gandharva considered as the best musician among the gandharvas. Notice both Narada and Tumburu are carrying musical instruments on their shoulders.

Standing behind Parvati are her parents – Himavata and Mena – and female attendants. The figures on the last frame with the lion, horse, and elephant heads represent the mythical creatures from the forests.

Other Paintings in the Virupaksha Temple Murals
Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma
Girija Kalyāna, Sita Swayamvara, Draupadi Swayamvara
Dashāvatāra, Ashta Dikpālas
Tripurantaka, Manmatha Vijaya

Related Pages
Hampi Virupaksha Temple Murals

Hoysala Temples
Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Bracket Figures
Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Navaranga
Belur Chennakeshava Temple – Garbhagriha Outer Wall
Kappe Chennigaraya Shrine
Somanathapura Keshava Temple
Badami Chalukya Temples
Badami, Cave – 1, Cave – 2, Cave – 3, Cave – 4
Durga Temple at Aihole

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