Delphi: The Temple of Apollo

Surviving columns of the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, Greece

Surviving columns of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi

Surviving columns of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi
The image shows the surviving columns of Temple of Apollo located in the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi, Greece. Click this image to see all the ruins of the Temple of Apollo.

The Temple of Apollo was the most important and dominant structure in the Sanctuary of Apollo. According to a Greek myth, this is where the Omphalos (navel of the Earth) stone was found. Many variants of the temple were built at this site starting in the 7th century. The first temple was built by the legendary architects Trofonios and Agamedes and was destroyed by fire in 548 BCE, This temple was replaced in 525 BCE by a bigger temple which was destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The second temple was then rebuilt with almost the same plan and dimensions of its predecessor and was completed in 320 BCE.

The Temple of Apollo is Doric in style with 6 columns in the front and 15 on the sides. The seat of the oracle was located inside the cella (inner chamber) called the adyton which had the statue of Apollo and Omphalos. Like many other Greek temples, an eternal flame burned in the hestia (hearth) located at the rear of the cella.

Related Pages
Athens, Olympia, Delphi, Meteora, Greek Islands, Greece
Crete, Minoan Civilization, Mycenaean Civilization

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